Invasive Plant Control Database

Welcome to the Invasive Plant Control Database

This website contains information on how to control many invasive plants common to the Midwestern United States. Information was collected from both scientific literature and expert opinions and summarized by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network (MIPN), in partnership with the Mark Renz lab from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Methods that are uncommon, do not provide sufficient control, or lack information for determining effectiveness on target species are omitted. For each species, information was reviewed by four individuals, including two identified as experts on control of that species. Information is searchable by several fields to improve the user’s ability to find pertinent information. To view the search feature, you must first select an invasive plant. Additionally, users have the option of entering personal experiences with managing specific species (see “add new case studies” under search results). These case studies will be visible to all users once verified by MIPN staff.

We make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability with respect to the information or products on the website. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk. References to pesticide products on this website are for your convenience and are not an endorsement or guarantee of one product over another.

Step 1: Select Plant

Step 1: Select a species by choosing a common or scientific name from the list, or by typing a name in the search box.

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Step 2: Select Search Parameters

Step 2: Select search parameter(s) of interest. If no parameters are selected all control methods will be displayed. For effectiveness ratings, methods that meet or exceed the criteria selected will be displayed.

Under the Search Results you will find

  • Plant Identification information – information on species identification, including photographs and a current distribution map.
  • Ecological Threats – threats posed to natural ecosystems by this species.
  • Case Studies – Detailed success (and failures) on how to control specific species contributed by experienced personnel.
  • Non-chemical and chemical control methods that fit the selected search criteria. Please note you are responsible for using pesticides in accordance with the label directions and state and federal laws. Herbicide availability and registered uses vary from state to state. Contact your state department of agriculture for information on the correct use and licensing required for any pesticide application.

You may reset the search criteria or the species you have selected at any time by selecting the corresponding links on the right hand side of the page.

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Effectiveness (in season): 


Effectiveness (year after treatment): 
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Search Results

Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)

Plant Identification information >
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Case Studies
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Non-Chemical controls
New (Type)Description
Type -
Prescribed burning

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Spring burns can kill germinating seedlings and can suppress aboveground growth of established plants depending on fire intensity. After the fire, established plants will quickly resprout and reinvade areas; this management method is not recommended unless integrated with other techniques. Fire may benefit other species well adapted to this management (e.g. prairie grasses), resulting in improved competition with bindweed. A hand-held propane torch can be effective for treating seedlings.
Type -
Removal

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Pulling and digging are effective techniques for individual plant control if all perennial roots are removed from the soil. This is difficult unless plants are establishing or soil is amenable to pulling. These techniques should be implemented before plants flower.
Type -
Manipulation of the environment

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Competition by grasses and other robust species that maximize shading can suppress field bindweed. Litter will also reduce field bindweed germination and shoot growth.
Type -
Cultivation

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Intensive cultivation controls newly emerged seedlings and may reduce established populations especially if integrated with other control methods. Timely cultivations every 1-2 weeks, beginning when the plant is in the bud stage, but before any flowers open, will deplete the root reserves of established plants and after several years eradicate populations. Cultivation, however, can spread roots into previously uninfested areas. When pairing cultivation with herbicide treatments, delay cultivation for at least 7 days after herbicide application.
Chemical controls
New (Type)IngredientsDirections
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
prodiamine

Common product name:
Barricade; Evade 4 FL
Rate -
(broadcast) 21 fl oz/A (0.65 lb a.i./A)
(spot) 0.5 fl oz/1000 sq ft (0.02 lb a.i./1000 ft2)

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per year.
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
trifluralin

Common product name:
Trifluralin HF; Treflan HFP
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.i./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Remarks -
Use higher rates in finer soils. This herbicide should be incorporated as it is applied and must be incorporated within 24 hours of application.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
oryzalin

Common product name:
Surflan AS; Quali-Pro Oryzalin 4
Rate -
(broadcast) 64 - 192 fl oz/A (2 - 6 lb a.e./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings depending upon environmental conditions.

Remarks -
64 fl oz/A will provide 2-4 months of control. 192 fl oz/A will provide 8-12 months of control. Wait 2 months between applications at the 64 fl oz rate, wait 8 months between applications at the 192 fl oz rate.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Applications can result in bare ground as oryzalin can lose selectivity if applied at higher rates and can remain in the soil for several months depending on application rates. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
glyphosate

Common product name:
Roundup Pro; many others (Aquatic: Rodeo; AquaNeat)
Rate -
(broadcast) 1.75 - 2 lb a.e./A
(spot) For a 3 lb a.e./gal product. 1 - 2% (0.03 - 0.06 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Applications can result in bare ground as glyphosate is not selective. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
triclopyr + 2,4-D

Common product name:
Crossbow; Chaser
Rate -
(broadcast) 128 fl oz/A (triclopyr: 1 lb a.e./A + 2,4-D: 2.0 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 1 - 1.5% (triclopyr: 0.01 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal + 2,4-D: 0.02 - 0.03 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply when target species is actively growing and fully leafed out.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
fluroxypyr

Common product name:
Vista XRT; Starane Ultra
Rate -
(broadcast) 8 - 16 fl oz/A (0.18 - 0.35 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 0.14 - 0.30% (0.004 - 0.008 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long. Late bloom stage is the most effective application time.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
aminocyclopyrachlor + chlorsulfuron

Common product name:
Perspective
Rate -
(broadcast) 4.75 - 8 oz/A (aminocyclopyrachlor: 2 - 3.15 oz a.i./A + chlorsulfuron: 0.75 - 1.25 oz a.i./A)
(spot) 0.2 - 0.3 oz/gal (aminocyclopyrachlor: 0.08 - 0.12 oz a.i./A + chlorsulfuron: 0.03 - 0.05 oz a.i./A)

Timing -
Apply when target species is actively growing and fully leafed out.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Avoid using Perspective in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow as groundwater contamination may result. Perspective remains in the soil for months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water, especially on poorly draining soils or areas with shallow groundwater. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas Perspective is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
picloram

Common product name:
Tordon K; Trooper 22K
Rate -
(broadcast) 32 - 64 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.e./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Remains in the soil for over one year depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas picloram is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
imazapyr

Common product name:
Arsenal; Stalker (Aquatic: Habitat; Imazapyr 2sl)
Rate -
(broadcast) 8 - 16 fl oz/A (0.13 - 0.25 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 0.5 - 1% (0.01 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Applications can result in bare ground as imazapyr is not selective and can remain in the soil for several months to over a year depending on application rate. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
2,4-D

Common product name:
Many (Aquatic: DMA 4 IVM; 2,4-D Amine 4)
Rate -
(broadcast) 1 - 2 lb a.e./A
(spot) For a 3.8 lb a.e./gal product. 0.5 - 0.8% (0.02 - 0.03 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Use aquatically labeled product if potential exists for solution to contact surface water. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
aminocyclopyrachlor + metsulfuron

Common product name:
Streamline
Rate -
(broadcast) 4.75 - 9.5 oz/A (aminocyclopyrachlor: 2 - 3.75 oz a.i./A + metsulfuron: 0.6 - 1.2 oz a.i./A)
(spot) 0.2 - 0.4 oz/gal (aminocyclopyrachlor: 0.08 - 0.16 oz a.i./gal + metsulfuron: 0.03 - 0.05 oz a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply when target species is actively growing and fully leafed out.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Avoid using Streamline in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow as groundwater contamination may result. Streamline remains in the soil for months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water, especially on poorly draining soils or areas with shallow groundwater. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas Streamline is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
picloram + 2,4-D

Common product name:
Tordon 101
Rate -
(broadcast) 48 - 64 fl oz/A (picloram: 0.2 - 0.25 lb a.e./A + 2,4-D: 0.75 - 1 lb a.e./gal)
(spot) 0.5 - 1% (picloram: 0.003 - 0.005 lb a.e./gal + 2,4-D: 0.01 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Remains in the soil for over one year depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas this product if applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
dicamba + diflufenzopyr

Common product name:
Overdrive
Rate -
(broadcast) 6 - 8 oz/A (dicamba: 0.02 - 0.03 lb a.e./A + diflufenzopyr 0.01 - 0.012 oz a.e./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Rates > 16 fl oz/A (0.5 lb a.e./A) may cause stunting and discoloration of sensitive grasses, such as smooth brome.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
quinclorac

Common product name:
Drive; Paramount
Rate -
(broadcast) 5 - 8 oz/A (0.25 - 0.38 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 0.5 oz/A (0.005 lb a.e./A)

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Remarks -
Do not mow 2-3 days before or after application. Consecutive fall applications (prior to the first frost) for 3 or more years will reduce bindweed cover, fewer than 3 years or treatment will only suppress populations the year following application.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Remains in soil for up to one year depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
dicamba

Common product name:
Banvel; Clarity
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.e./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply from bud to full bloom stage when stems are at least 12" long.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Rates > 16 fl oz/A (0.5 lb a.e./A) may cause stunting and discoloration of sensitive grasses, such as smooth brome.