Invasive Plant Control Database

Welcome to the Invasive Plant Control Database

This website contains information on how to control many invasive plants common to the Midwestern United States. Information was collected from both scientific literature and expert opinions and summarized by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network (MIPN), in partnership with the Mark Renz lab from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Methods that are uncommon, do not provide sufficient control, or lack information for determining effectiveness on target species are omitted. For each species, information was reviewed by four individuals, including two identified as experts on control of that species. Information is searchable by several fields to improve the user’s ability to find pertinent information. To view the search feature, you must first select an invasive plant. Additionally, users have the option of entering personal experiences with managing specific species (see “add new case studies” under search results). These case studies will be visible to all users once verified by MIPN staff.

We make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability with respect to the information or products on the website. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk. References to pesticide products on this website are for your convenience and are not an endorsement or guarantee of one product over another.

Step 1: Select Plant

Step 1: Select a species by choosing a common or scientific name from the list, or by typing a name in the search box.

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Step 2: Select Search Parameters

Step 2: Select search parameter(s) of interest. If no parameters are selected all control methods will be displayed. For effectiveness ratings, methods that meet or exceed the criteria selected will be displayed.

Under the Search Results you will find

  • Plant Identification information – information on species identification, including photographs and a current distribution map.
  • Ecological Threats – threats posed to natural ecosystems by this species.
  • Case Studies – Detailed success (and failures) on how to control specific species contributed by experienced personnel.
  • Non-chemical and chemical control methods that fit the selected search criteria. Please note you are responsible for using pesticides in accordance with the label directions and state and federal laws. Herbicide availability and registered uses vary from state to state. Contact your state department of agriculture for information on the correct use and licensing required for any pesticide application.

You may reset the search criteria or the species you have selected at any time by selecting the corresponding links on the right hand side of the page.

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Effectiveness (in season): 


Effectiveness (year after treatment): 
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Search Results

Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stiltgrass)

Plant Identification information >
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Case Studies
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Non-Chemical controls
New (Type)Description
Type -
Mowing

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Mow or cut plants as close to the ground as possible in late summer or early fall after flowering, but before seeds are present. Monitor the site a week after initially mowing to identify plants that were not cut and remove them before they produce seeds. Continue to monitor the site for at least seven years to ensure that the seed bank is exhausted. If plants are cut earlier this can result in cut plants regrowing and flowering earlier than they would if left undisturbed.
Type -
Prescribed burning

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Spring burns can kill germinating seedlings and suppress aboveground growth of established plants depending on fire intensity. However, stiltgrass seeds in the seed bank will germinate soon after the fire and reinfest areas. Fall burns are preferred as long as they are timed before seed set, as they remove the heavy mats of vegetation that stiltgrass produces and prevent seed production. This can result in improved cover of desirable understory species the following growing year. A hand-held propane torch can be effective for treating seedlings and adult plants.
Type -
Removal

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Pulling is an effective treatment for individual plants throughout the year, but is usually easiest in the late summer to early fall when plants are larger. Pulling will disturb the soil and can possibly expose stiltgrass seeds in the soil. Pulling later in the growing season will provide less time for seeds in the soil to germinate and reproduce. Pulling should be repeated for at least seven years to ensure the seed bank is exhausted. Bag and dispose of material in a landfill, since plants can root from the nodes and seeds are easily spread.
Type -
Manipulation of the environment

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Flooding for more than three months or intermittent flooding during the growing season can control adult stiltgrass, but seeds can survive up to 10 weeks of constant flooding.
Chemical controls
New (Type)IngredientsDirections
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
trifluralin

Common product name:
Trifluralin HF; Treflan HFP
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.i./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Remarks -
Use higher rates in finer soils. Sprinkle on soil, but keep granules away from plant roots and foliage. Water-in or lightly rake-in immediately after application.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
oryzalin

Common product name:
Surflan; Quali-Pro Oryzalin 4
Rate -
(broadcast) 64 - 96 fl oz/A (2 - 3 lb a.i./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Remarks -
64 fl oz/A will provide 2-4 months of control. 192 fl oz/A will provide 8-12 months of control. Wait 2 months between applications at the 64 fl oz rate, wait 8 months between applications at the 192 fl oz rate.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Applications can result in bare ground as oryzalin can lose selectivity if applied at higher rates and can remain in the soil for several months depending on application rates. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
pendimethalin

Common product name:
Pendulum Aquacap; Prowl
Rate -
(broadcast) 100 - 134 fl oz/A (3 - 4 lb a.i./A)

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Remarks -
Reduced efficacy can be expected if <0.5" of rainfall occurs within 30 days of application.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Do not exceed applications of 67 fl oz/A on home lawns, parks, schools, and playgrounds. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
dithiopyr

Common product name:
Dimension
Rate -
(broadcast) 1.25 lb/A (0.5 lb a.i./A)

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Remarks -
Reduced efficacy can be expected if <0.5" of rainfall occurs before target species germinates.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Pre-emergence

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
prodiamine

Common product name:
Barricade; Evade 4 FL
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.i./A)

Timing -
Apply prior to germination of seedlings. While spring applications will maximize control, fall or winter applications may also suppress seedlings the following spring, depending upon environmental conditions.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per year.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
pelargonic acid

Common product name:
Scythe
Rate -
(broadcast) 75 - 200 gal/A of a 3 - 5% solution (0.13 - 0.22 lb a.e./gal)
(spot) 3 - 5% (0.13 - 0.22 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Applications can result in bare ground as pelargonic acid is non-selective. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
sethoxydim

Common product name:
Segment; Poast
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.2 - 0.4 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 1 - 1.5% (0.015 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced. Two applications during the growing season are recommended.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable grasses should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to grasses.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
glufosinate

Common product name:
Finale
Rate -
(broadcast) 128 - 192 fl oz/A (1 - 1.5 lb a.i./A)
(spot) 1.5 - 3% (0.015 - 0.03 lb a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced. Two applications during the growing season are recommended.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Applications can result in bare ground as glufosinate is not selective. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
fluazifop

Common product name:
Fusilade
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 24 fl oz/A (0.25 - 0.4 lb a.i./A)
(spot) 0.5% (0.01 lb a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced. Two applications during the growing season are recommended.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Fluazifop can remain in the soil for one to two months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas fluazifop is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable grasses should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to grasses.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
aminopyralid

Common product name:
Milestone
Rate -
(broadcast) 5 - 7 fl oz/A (0.08 - 0.1 lb a.e./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced.

Remarks -
This product provides pre-emergent control during the application year. 14 fl oz/A can be used as long as less than half of the area is treated. Depending on the volume of solution applied per acre, typical mixtures for spot treatments are 2-8 mL Milestone per gallon of water.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Remains in soil for up to one year depending on application rate. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
imazapic

Common product name:
Plateau
Rate -
(broadcast) 4 - 6 fl oz/A (0.06-0.1 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 0.25 - 1.5% (0.005 - 0.03 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Imazapic can remain in the soil for months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas Imazapic is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
imazapyr

Common product name:
Arsenal; Stalker (Aquatic: Habitat; Imazapyr 2sl)
Rate -
(broadcast) 32 - 48 fl oz/A (0.5 - 0.75 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 1 - 1.5% (0.02 - 0.03 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Applications can result in bare ground as imazapyr is not selective and can remain in the soil for several months to over a year depending on application rate. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
glyphosate

Common product name:
Roundup Pro; many others (Aquatic: Rodeo; AquaNeat)
Rate -
(broadcast) 0.75 - 1.25 lb a.e./A
(spot) 2% (0.09 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Applications can result in bare ground as glyphosate is not selective. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
clethodim

Common product name:
Envoy; Select Max
Rate -
(broadcast) 12 - 16 fl oz/A (0.09 - 0.12 lb a.i./A)
(spot) 0.33 - 0.66% (0.003 - 0.006 lb a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply any time during the summer, but before seeds are produced. Two applications during the growing season are recommended.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Overspray or drift to desirable grasses should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to grasses.