Invasive Plant Control Database

Welcome to the Invasive Plant Control Database

This website contains information on how to control many invasive plants common to the Midwestern United States. Information was collected from both scientific literature and expert opinions and summarized by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network (MIPN), in partnership with the Mark Renz lab from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Methods that are uncommon, do not provide sufficient control, or lack information for determining effectiveness on target species are omitted. For each species, information was reviewed by four individuals, including two identified as experts on control of that species. Information is searchable by several fields to improve the user’s ability to find pertinent information. To view the search feature, you must first select an invasive plant. Additionally, users have the option of entering personal experiences with managing specific species (see “add new case studies” under search results). These case studies will be visible to all users once verified by MIPN staff.

We make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability with respect to the information or products on the website. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk. References to pesticide products on this website are for your convenience and are not an endorsement or guarantee of one product over another.

Step 1: Select Plant

Step 1: Select a species by choosing a common or scientific name from the list, or by typing a name in the search box.

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Step 2: Select Search Parameters

Step 2: Select search parameter(s) of interest. If no parameters are selected all control methods will be displayed. For effectiveness ratings, methods that meet or exceed the criteria selected will be displayed.

Under the Search Results you will find

  • Plant Identification information – information on species identification, including photographs and a current distribution map.
  • Ecological Threats – threats posed to natural ecosystems by this species.
  • Case Studies – Detailed success (and failures) on how to control specific species contributed by experienced personnel.
  • Non-chemical and chemical control methods that fit the selected search criteria. Please note you are responsible for using pesticides in accordance with the label directions and state and federal laws. Herbicide availability and registered uses vary from state to state. Contact your state department of agriculture for information on the correct use and licensing required for any pesticide application.

You may reset the search criteria or the species you have selected at any time by selecting the corresponding links on the right hand side of the page.

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Seasons:



Effectiveness (in season): 


Effectiveness (year after treatment): 
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Search Results

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Plant Identification information >
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Case Studies
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Non-Chemical controls
New (Type)Description
Type -
Mowing

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Mowing as low as possible timed before the emergence of flowers can suppress garlic mustard. Plants may resprout and still flower. Monitor populations and repeat mowing if concerned about seed production. Care must be taken not to mow when mature seeds could be present as this will spread the seed. Mowing will not eradicate first year plants as they resprout. While mowing has been reported as an effective means of suppression there is no data on how many years of mowing are required to control a population.
Type -
Prescribed burning

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Burn in spring before desirable vegetation begins growing, but after garlic mustard seedlings have emerged. Burning will control seedlings, but survival of second-year plants is variable depending upon fire intensity. Burning can stimulate germination of seedlings, but intensive management of these seedlings after the burn can dramatically reduce garlic mustard seeds in the soil. A hand-held propane torch can be effective for treating seedlings.
Type -
Removal

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Pulling or cutting the root from the stem before flowering are effective individual plant control techniques. Pull if soil conditions allow for the removal of the tap root. Pulling second-year plants is easier than pulling first-year rosettes. Alternately, cut the entire taproot with a sharp shovel or spade 1-2" below the surface. If flowers are present, bag material and dispose of it in a landfill to avoid potential for seed spread.
Type -
Manipulation of the environment

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Disturbed forest canopies with increased light penetration tend to experience increased invasion of garlic mustard. If the canopy of a forest becomes disturbed, plant or manage species present to increase light interception and restore the canopy as quickly as possible. Focus other management activities around these areas of canopy disturbance.
Chemical controls
New (Type)IngredientsDirections
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
bentazon

Common product name:
Basagran; Basagran T/O
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.e./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in fall or spring to bolting plants.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
imazapyr

Common product name:
Arsenal; Stalker (Aquatic: Habitat; Imazapyr 2sl)
Rate -
(broadcast) 48 - 64 fl oz/A (0.75 - 1.0 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 0.5 - 1% (0.01 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Applications can result in bare ground as imazapyr is not selective and can remain in the soil for several months to over a year depending on application rate. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
imazapic + glyphosate

Common product name:
Journey
Rate -
(broadcast) 8 fl oz/A (imazapic: 0.05 lb a.e./A + glyphosate: 0.9 lb a.e./A
(spot) 0.6 - 2.4% (imazapic: 0.005 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal + glyphosate: 0.009 - 0.04 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Applications can result in bare ground as glyphosate is not selective. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Imazapic can remain in the soil for months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
triclopyr

Common product name:
Garlon 4; Element 4 (Aquatic: Garlon 3A; Element 3A)
Rate -
(broadcast) 16 - 32 fl oz/A (0.5 - 1 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 1 - 2% (0.04 - 0.08 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply to actively growing rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Remarks -
Fall applications will only control rosettes and will not control seedlings that emerge in the spring.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
metsulfuron

Common product name:
Escort XP; Ally XP
Rate -
(broadcast) 0.25 - 1 oz/A (0.15 - 0.6 oz a.i./A)
(spot) 0.04 oz/gal (0.02 oz a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Remarks -
Use lowest rate in spring. In fall use 0.5 - 1 oz/A to provide residual control of seedlings the following spring. Use higher rates in high organic matter soils.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Remains in the soil for months depending on application rate. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Novice

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
glyphosate

Common product name:
Roundup Pro; many others (Aquatic: Rodeo; AquaNeat)
Rate -
(broadcast) 0.75 - 1.5 lb a.e./A
(spot) For a 3 lb a.e./gal product. 1 - 3% (0.03 - 0.09 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in fall or spring, bolting, or flowering plants. Use higher rates when air or soil temperatures drop below 40°F to maintain control.

Remarks -
Fall applications will only control rosettes and will not control seedlings that emerge in the spring.

Caution -
Use product labeled for aquatic use if potential exists for solution to contact surface waters. Applications can result in bare ground as glyphosate is not selective. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
sulfosulfuron

Common product name:
Outrider; Certainty
Rate -
(broadcast) 1 - 2 oz/A (0.2 - 1.5 oz a.i./A)
(spot) 0.01 - 0.02 oz/gal (0.008 - 0.02 oz a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Remarks -
In fall use higher rates to provide residual control of seedlings the following spring. Use higher rates in high organic matter soils.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
aminocyclopyrachlor + metsulfuron

Common product name:
Streamline
Rate -
(broadcast) 4.75 - 9.5 oz/A (aminocyclopyrachlor: 1.9 - 3.75 oz a.i./A + metsulfuron:0.6 - 1.2 oz a.i./A)
(spot) 0.2 - 0.4 oz/gal (aminocyclopyrachlor: 0.08 - 0.16 oz a.i./gal + metsulfuron:0.03 - 0.05 oz a.i./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Avoid using Streamline in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow as groundwater contamination may result. Streamline remains in the soil for months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water, especially on poorly draining soils or areas with shallow groundwater. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas Streamline is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants. Do not compost treated plants as herbicide can persist through composting process.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
imazapic

Common product name:
Plateau
Rate -
(broadcast) 10 - 16 fl oz/A (0.15 - 0.24 lb a.e./A)
(spot) 0.25 - 1% (0.005 - 0.02 lb a.e./gal)

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination. Imazapic can remain in the soil for months depending on application rate and has the potential to contaminate surface runoff water during this timeframe. Maintenance of a vegetative buffer strip is recommended between the areas Imazapic is applied and surface water features. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided, as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.
Type -
Foliar

User Type -
Professional

Effectiveness -
in season
year after treatment
Active Ingredient (A.I.):
sulfometuron

Common product name:
Oust; Spyder
Rate -
(broadcast) 0.25 - 1 oz/A (0.2 - 0.75 oz a.i./A)
(spot) Equivalent to broadcast rates.

Timing -
Apply to rosettes in the fall or spring or to bolting plants.

Remarks -
Use 0.25 - 0.5 oz/A in spring. In fall use 0.5 - 1 oz/A to provide residual control of seedlings the following spring. Use higher rates in high organic matter soils.

Caution -
Do not apply directly to water or to areas where surface water is present. Applications can result in bare ground as sulfometuron is not selective and can remain in the soil for months depending on application rate and site conditions. Overspray or drift to desirable plants should be avoided as even minute quantities of the spray may cause severe injury to plants.